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That was John Paul II’s 53rdApostolic Voyage outside Italy. It took place between 12th and 21st October 1991. That was written back then:
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The Catholic Church will declare Pope John Paul II a saint, the Vatican said. The Polish-born pope was fast-tracked to beatification when he died in 2005 and became "the blessed" six years later -- the fastest beatification in centuries. Pope John XXIII, who convened the Second Vatican Council in the 1960s, also will be declared a saint.
Jul 28 13 4:35 AM
awaiting for his canonization
Aug 11 13 8:57 AM
The Web site for the upcoming World Youth Day 2016 is already online and in English. During his apostolic voyage to Brazil, Bishop of Rome Jorge Bergoglio announced that the next World Youth Day would be in Blessed John Paul II's homeland. The Krakow Archdiocese, and it's leader, John Paul II's personal secretary, Stanisław Cardinal Dziwisz, are getting ready to host the world's youth. The Web site announces: "This World Youth Day will also be the grand day of Saint John Paul II, the day of thanksgiving for his figure, for his personality, for his love of young people and for all that he left after him – the great heritage we still live with as he continues inspiring not only young people to live in honesty, close to Christ and His Mother, Holy Virgin Mary. Krakow is opening! The city will be happy to welcome youth from the entire world! We are inviting you today, young people from Poland and beyond, youth from Europe and from all continents! We will do everything possible to greet you, Dear Young People, in a cordial and dignified manner. And we would like to request you to bring enthusiasm and good hope for the future to our Homeland as we need to have this support in you."
Sep 30 13 2:00 AM
(CNN) -- Popes John XXIII and John Paul II will be declared saints in April 2014, the Vatican said Monday. The announcement came after Francis met with cardinals to discuss the planned canonizations of two of his predecessors. The ceremony will take place on April 27, 2014.Why does a pope become a saint? To be named a saint involves a series of steps, but the qualifications are straightforward, according to the veteran Vatican analyst John Allen. "You put a holy life and two miracles together, according to the Catholic system, you've got a saint," he said. The calls to canonize John Paul II began even before he had been buried. People attending his funeral in 2005 held banners saying "Santo Subito," short for "make him a saint now." Their call was heard. Bypassing the normal five-year waiting period, Pope Benedict XVI set in motion the process to canonize his predecessor.John Paul is said to have miraculously cured Sister Marie Simon-Pierre, a French nun stricken by Parkinson's disease, several months after his death.The church says the second miracle occurred when a Costa Rican woman with a brain aneurism recovered after praying to John Paul. John XXIII, revered for his role in the Second Vatican Council, is only recorded as having performed one miracle after his death in 1963."Pope Francis has decided that there already was a decree of heroic virtue saying that the man had lived a holy life," Allen says. "There already was one miracle certified for his beatification in 2000, so Pope Francis has decided he doesn't have to pass go, doesn't have to collect $200, he can go directly to sainthood." In fact, canonization by the Catholic Church simply formalizes on earth what is already in place in heaven, Allen points out. "It's not like Karol Wojtyla, John Paul II, will suddenly become a saint when the canonization ceremony occurs," he says. "The belief would be he is already in heaven with God, living the life of a saint. All that's going to happen when the ceremony occurs is that the church will officially recognize that."
Sep 30 13 11:39 AM
Jan 15 14 10:13 AM
1994Pope John Paul IIBY PAUL GRAY
People who see him - and countless millions have - do not forget him.
His appearances generate an electricity unmatched by anyone else on earth. That
explains, for instance, why in rural Kenyan villages thousands of children,
plus many cats and roosters and even hotels, are named John Paul. Charisma is
the only conceivable reason why a CD featuring him saying the rosary - in Latin
- against a background of Bach and Handel is currently ascending the charts in
Europe. It also accounts for the dazed reaction of a young woman who found herself,
along with the thousands around her in a sports stadium in Denver, cheering and
applauding him: "I don't react that way to rock groups. What is it that he
Pope John Paul II has, among many other things, the world's bully-est
pulpit. Few of his predecessors over the past 2,000 years have spoken from it
as often and as forcefully as he. When he talks, it is not only to his flock of
nearly a billion; he expects the world to listen. And the flock and the world
listen, not always liking what they hear. This year he cast the net of his
message wider than ever: Crossing the Threshold of Hope, his meditations on
topics ranging from the existence of God to the mistreatment of women, became
an immediate best seller in 12 countries. It is an unprecedented case of mass
proselytizing by a Pontiff - arcane but personal, expansive but resolute about
its moral message.
John Paul can also impose his will, and there was no more formidable and
controversial example of this than the Vatican's intervention at the U.N.'s
International Conference on Population and Development in Cairo in September.
There the Pope's emissaries defeated a U.S.-backed proposition John Paul feared
would encourage abortions worldwide. The consequences may be global and -
critics predict - catastrophic, particularly in the teeming Third World, where
John Paul is so admired.
The Pontiff was unfazed by the widespread opprobrium. His popular book
and his unpopular diplomacy, he explained to TIME two weeks ago, share one
philosophical core: "It always goes back to the sanctity of the human
being." He added, "The Pope must be a moral force." In a year
when so many people lamented the decline in moral values or made excuses for bad
behavior, Pope John Paul II forcefully set forth his vision of the good life
and urged the world to follow it. For such rectitude - or recklessness, as his
detractors would have it - he is TIME's Man of the Year.
The Pope is, in Catholic belief, a direct successor of St. Peter's, the
rock on whom Jesus Christ built his church. As such, John Paul sees it as his
duty to trouble the living stream of modernity. He stands solidly against much
that the secular world deems progressive: the notion, for example, that humans
share with God the right to determine who will and will not be born. He also
lectures against much that the secular world deems inevitable: the abysmal
inequalities between the wealthy and the wretched of the earth, the sufferings
of those condemned to lives of squalor, poverty and oppression. "He really
has a will and a determination to help humanity through spirituality,"
says the Dalai Lama. "That is marvelous. That is good. I know how
difficult it is for leaders on these issues."
John Paul's impact on the world has already been enormous, ranging from
the global to the personal. He has covered more than half a million miles in
his travels. Many believe his support of the trade union Solidarity in his
native Poland was a precipitating event in the collapse of the Soviet bloc.
After he was nearly killed in 1981, he visited and pardoned his would-be
assassin in jail. Asked an awed Mehmet Ali Agca: "Tell me why it is that I
could not kill you?" Even those who contest the words of John Paul do not
argue with his integrity - or his capacity to forgive those who trespass
His power rests in the word, not the sword. As he has demonstrated
throughout the 16 years of his papacy, John Paul needs no divisions. He is an
army of one, and his empire is both as ethereal and as ubiquitous as the soul.
In a slum in Nairobi, Mary Kamati is dying of AIDS. In her mud house hangs a
portrait of John Paul. "This is the only Pope who has come to this part of
the world," she says. During his most recent visit, he sprinkled her with
holy water. "That," she says, eyes trembling, "is the way to
In 1994 the Pope's health visibly deteriorated. His left hand shakes,
and he hobbles with a cane, the result of bone-replacement surgery. Asked about
his health, he offered an "Oh, so-so" to TIME. It is thus with
increased urgency that John Paul has presented himself, the defender of Roman
Catholic doctrine, as a moral compass for believers and nonbelievers alike. He
spread through every means at his disposal a message not of expedience or
compromise but of right and wrong; amid so much fear of the future, John Paul
dared to speak of hope. He did not say what everyone wanted to hear, and many
within and beyond his church took offense. But his fidelity to what he believes
people need to hear remained adamant and unwavering. "He'll go down in
history as the greatest of our modern Popes," says the Rev. Billy Graham.
"He's been the strong conscience of the whole Christian world."
And then there was the sorry state of the globe he proposed to save.
Patches of the Third World sank further into revolutionary bloodshed, disease
and famine. The developed nations began to resemble weird updatings of
Hieronymous Bosch: panoramas of tormented bodies, lashed, flailed and torn by
the instruments of material self-gratification. Secular leaders dithered and
disagreed and then did nothing about the slow death of Bosnia, the massacres in
Private behavior appeared equally adrift. People trained to know better
showed that they did not, notably the younger members of Britain's royal
family, who energetically pursued self-implosion, with TV documentaries and
books their detonators of choice. In Los Angeles two separate juries could not
agree on a verdict in the trials of Lyle and Erik Menendez, young men who
admitted killing their parents, at close range, with shotguns. The nightly news
became a saraband of sleaze: Tonya, Lorena, Michael, O.J.; after 10 days of
claiming to have been the victim of a carjacking, a South Carolina mother
confessed she pushed the vehicle into a lake with her two tiny sons strapped
The secular response to the tawdriness of contemporary life was not
uplifting; it largely amounted to a mingy, mean spirited vindictiveness, a
searching for scapegoats. Many interpreted the Republican sweep in the November
elections as a sign that voters were as mad as hell and ready for old-fashioned
verities. That seemed to be the view of incoming House Speaker Newt Gingrich,
who called for a constitutional amendment allowing voluntary school prayer in
public schools. He also suggested it might be a good idea to fill orphanages
with the children of welfare mothers.
John Paul was personally affected by the turmoil of 1994. He could not
make planned visits to Beirut and Sarajevo because enmities on the ground were
too volatile. Rwanda dealt him particular grief: an estimated 85% of Rwandans
are Christians, and more than 60% of those Roman Catholics. Some priests were
accessories to massacre. The new faith was unable to overcome tribal conflict.
But when circumstances allowed him to act, John Paul did so decisively.
His major goals have been to clarify church doctrine - believers may experience
doubt but should be spared confusion - and to reach out to the world, seek contacts
with other faiths and proclaim to all the sanctity of the individual, body and
He made advances on all of these fronts in 1994. The Catechism of the
Catholic Church appeared in English translation, the first such comprehensive
document issued since the 16th century. It clearly summarizes all the essential
beliefs and moral tenets of the church. Some Catholics believe it will be the
most enduring landmark of John Paul's papacy. In June, John Paul oversaw the
establishment of diplomatic relations between the Holy See and Israel, ending a
tense standoff that had existed ever since 1948.
In May the Pope released an apostolic letter in which he set to rest,
for the foreseeable future, the question of the ordination of women. His
answer, in brief, was no. The document disappointed and outraged many Catholic
women and men; even some sympathetic to the Pope felt that his peremptory tone,
his strict argument from precedent, i.e., that Christ appointed only males as
his Apostles, represented a missed opportunity to teach, to explain an
exclusionary policy that contemporary believers find outmoded or beyond
The high or the low point of the Pope's year, depending on who did the
reporting, came in September. The U.N. population conference convened in Cairo,
with representatives from 185 nations and the Holy See in attendance. On the
table was a 113-page plan calling on governments to commit $17 billion annually
by the year 2000 to curb global population growth. About 90% of the draft document
had been approved in advance by the participants, but the remaining 10%
contained some bombshells John Paul had seen coming. The most explosive was
Paragraph 8.25, which owed its inclusion in part to a March 16 directive from
the Clinton Administration to all U.S. embassies; it stated that "the
United States believes access to safe, legal and voluntary abortion is a
fundamental right of all women" and insisted the Cairo conference endorse
John Paul was not in Cairo, but he kept in constant touch with his
delegation. Vatican spokesman Joaquin Navarro-Valls recalls the Pope's reaction
to Paragraph 8.25: "He feared that for the first time in the history of
humanity, abortion was being proposed as a means of population control. He put
all the prestige of his office at the service of this issue." For nine
days the Vatican delegates, under his direction, lobbied and filibustered; they
kept their Latin American bloc in line and struck up alliances with Islamic
nations opposed to abortion. In the end, the Pope won. The Cairo conference
inserted an explicit statement that "in no case should abortion be
promoted as a method of family planning"; in return the Vatican gave
partial consent to the document.
In public relations terms, it was a costly victory. There he goes again,
the standard argument ran, imposing his sectarian morality on a world already
hungry and facing billions of new mouths to feed in the coming decades. One
Spanish critic said the Pope had "become a traveling salesman of demographic
irrationality." Says dissident Swiss theologian Hans Kung: "This Pope
is a disaster for our church. There's charm there, but he's
closed-minded." The British Catholic weekly the Tablet summed up Cairo,
"Never has the Vatican cared less about being unpopular than under Pope
John Paul II."
Cairo perfectly crystallized reciprocal conundrums: the problem of the
Pope in the modern world and the problem the Pope has with the modern world.
The conflict boils down to different paths of reason and standards of truth. In
Crossing the Threshold of Hope, John Paul locates the source of the great
schism between faith and logic in the writings of the 17th century French
philosopher Rene Descartes, particularly his assertion "Cogito ergo
sum" (I think; therefore I am). The Pope points out that Descartes's
formulation turned on its head St. Thomas Aquinas' 13th century pronouncement
that existence comes before thought - indeed, makes thought possible. Descartes
could presumably have written "Sum ergo cogito," but then the history
of the past 300 years might have been profoundly different.
Although not the only one, Descartes was a major inspiration for the
scientific revolution and the Enlightenment. Truth became a matter not of
doctrine or received traditions but of something materially present on earth,
accessible either through research or sound reasoning. "Know then thyself,
presume not God to scan," Alexander Pope wrote in 1733-34. "The
proper study of Mankind is Man."
The human intellect, thus liberated, proved prodigious; the fruits of
its accomplishments are ever present in the developed world and tantalizingly
seductive to those peering in from outside the gates. John Paul is not a
fundamentalist who wants to repeal the Enlightenment and destroy the tools of
technology; the most traveled, most broadcast Pope in history knows the
advantages of jet airplanes and electronics.
Instead he argues that rationalism, by itself, is not enough: "This
world, which appears to be a great workshop in which knowledge is developed by man,
which appears as progress and civilization, as a modern system of
communications, as a structure of democratic freedoms without any limitations,
this world is not capable of making man happy."
In essence, the Pope and his critics are talking at cross-purposes,
about different universes. His reaffirmations of the church's doctrines on
sexual matters actually form a small part of his teachings, but they have drawn
most of the attention of troubled Catholics and the Pope's critics in the West.
The conviction is widespread that sexual morality and conduct are private
concerns, strictly between individuals and their consciences. But who guides
those consciences? the Pope would ask. Many population experts see a future
tide of babies as a problem to be solved; the Pope sees these
infants-in-waiting as precious lives, the gifts of God. The church's doctrine
that condoms should not be used under any circumstances has provoked, in the
age of AIDS, deep anger. Henri Tincq, who writes on religious subjects for Paris'
Le Monde, sums up this reaction, "The church's refusal of condoms even for
saving lives is absolutely incomprehensible. It disqualifies the church from
having any role in the whole debate over AIDS." As heartless as John
Paul's position may seem, it is consistent with his view of the world: the way
to halt the effects of unsafe sexual practices is to stop the practices.
Those who will never agree with the Pope on birth control, abortion,
homosexuality and so on may nonetheless have benefited from hearing him speak
out. Says Father Thomas Reese of the Woodstock Theological Center in
Washington: "He's the one keeping these issues alive, things people should
reflect on morally. He can't force them to do things, but he provides a
constant reminder that these are moral questions, not simply medical or
John Paul has never stepped back from difficulties, and he looks forward
to an arduous 1995 agenda. First up is a scheduled 10-day trip in January to
Papua New Guinea, Australia, Sri Lanka and the Philippines, where the
Archbishop of Manila is in open conflict with the country's Protestant
President over population control. The Pope is also laying strategy for the
1995 U.N. World Conference on Women in Beijing, which figures to be a replay of
Cairo. In June, he plans to meet with Ecumenical Patriarch Bartholomew I, the
leader of the Eastern Orthodox Church. John Paul has long spoken of mending the
breach between the Roman and Eastern churches that became final in 1054. The
Berlin Wall, put up in 1961, came down 11 years into his papacy; undoing the
effects of a millennium may take him a little longer.
The Man of the Year's ideas about what can be accomplished differ from
those of most mortals. They are far grander, informed by a vision as vast as the
human determination to bring them into being. After discovering the principle
of the lever and the fulcrum in the 3rd century B.C., Archimedes wrote,
"Give me where to stand, and I will move the earth." John Paul knows
where he stands.
COVERS GALLERY Click here to see the cover image from 1994
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